5-HTP

5-HTP may help support a wide variety of conditions related to low serotonin levels, including mood and depression, fibromyalgia, insomnia, migraines and obesity. 

Early studies may support that 5-HTP may support with mild-to-moderate depression, by increasing the levels of serotonin in the brain. It has been suggested that 5-HTP may improve symptoms of fibromyalgia, including pain, anxiety, morning stiffness, and fatigue.

Please Note: Depression is an illness not a weakness. If you think you're suffering from symptoms of depression please seek your advice from your health care professional. For more information on depression you may also want to visit the Depression Website

Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera is a highly useful plant that has been cultivated for years and draws most of its beneficial properties from the gel-like substance held within its green fleshy leaves. Nearly everyone’s first contact with Aloe Vera is probably their mother or grandma slicing open the meaty leaves and smearing the gooey like substance over their sun burn during the height of summer, but Aloe Vera can be used in so many different ways, not only on the skin but also internally.

For the skin, aloe is great for burns, scolds, sunburn, psoriasis and cold sores. However taking aloe soothes stomach ailments and also helps support against stomach ulcers, diabetes and treating some of the side effects of chemo-therapy. Aloe also supports the bowel and may relieve constipation and Haemorrhoids. 

Antioxidants

Antioxidants are substances that may support against cell damage, and are found in many foods, including fruits and vegetables. Antioxidants, do just as the name suggests, prevent or supports against the oxidation of cells, that without protection may lead to cellular damage. 

Good examples of antioxidants are,
 - Astaxanthin
 - Beta-carotene
 - Lutein
 - Lycopene
 - Selenium
 - Vitamin A
 - Vitamin C
 - Vitamin E

Vegetables and fruits are rich sources of antioxidants. There is good evidence that eating a diet with lots of vegetables and fruits is healthy and lowers risks of certain diseases.

Antiseptics

Natural antiseptics can be applied topically to fight infection and/or help wound healing.

Tea Tree Oil and New Zealand Manuka honey have great antiseptic properties and Manuka Honey can be used both internally and topically to infections or wounds. The properties of manuka honey are fast becoming well known as support against infection both on the skin or internally. 

Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple Cider Vinegar has many potential health benefits, and incorporating an apple cider vinegar tonic into your daily life might very well help you to age gracefully and stay healthy.

One of the most popular uses for Apple Cider Vinegar is as a digestive aid as many problems are caused by a lack of appropriate stomach acid or digestive enzymes. Also Apple Cider Vinegar is commonly used to support weight management (as it support blood sugar levels), to alkalise the body, support immunity and increasegood bacteria in the stomach. 

Arnica

Arnica (arnica montana) contains herbal properties with the power to relieve many of the common muscles discomforts. Supporting traditional use externally on the skin for sprains, bruises, injuries and painful swellings, Arica also supports the relief of muscle aches, venous insufficiency (poor circulation and swelling of the lower leg) and after Carpal-Tunnel release surgery 

Arica has properties that reduces inflammation, reduces pain and protects against some damage to capillaries (the small blood vessels that are damaged when bruising occurs)

Aromatherapy

Smell is often the first means by which people become accustomed to aromatherapy, and it is also one of the most effective and enjoyable. 

Smell has a powerful effect on the mind and body and is the sense most often linked to memory.  Inhalation is the quickest method by which essential oils enter the body and take effect. When these pass over minute hairs called cilia a signal is transmitted from the receptor cells to the olfactory bulb and then to the limbic system in the brain. Various chemicals (including important hormones) are then released by the brain which effect the body mentally and/or physically.

Ashwagandha

Ashwagandha is a small evergreen shrub, grown in India, the Middle East, and parts of Africa, and supplementation normally involves the root and berry extracts.  The herb Ashwagandha has been traditionally used for thousands of years for its restorative and adaptogenic properties, helping to support the body in times of stress and has been found to be excellent for supporting vitality, mental clarity, alertness as well as energy levels and energy production. 

Ashwagandha is commonly used for stress, mood and tension. Ashwagandha can be taken during times of increased adrenal fatigue caused by such things as exams, house moving, emotional crisis etc. 

Astaxanthin

Astaxanthin is an antioxidant that has a reddish pigment that belongs to a group of chemicals called carotenoids. It occurs naturally in certain algae and causes the pink or red color in salmon, trout, lobster, shrimp, and other seafood.

Astaxanthin may be used for treating certain cognitive issues such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and “brain attack” from stroke. Also Astaxanthin can support the body that has high cholesterol or eye conditions like macular degeneration (AMD) and may also improve the way the immune system functions.
Astragalus

Astragalus

Astragalus is an herb and mainly taken to stimulate and increase the immune system

Astragalus is used to support energy and recuperation from winters ills and chills, upper respiratory infections, allergies, fibromyalgia, anemia, HIV/AIDS, and to strengthen and regulate the immune system. It is also used for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), glandular fever, kidney disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure.

Barley Grass

To optimize our health and well being, the ideal balance of food and food residue in the body is 80% alkaline and 20% acidic. This is largely determined by the food we eat, as foods are either acid forming or alkaline forming.

This is not to be confused with the immediate acidity of a food. Lemons for example, maybe considered as acid forming but lemons, once metabolized actually leave an alkaline residue in the body.

Barley Grass is full of natural ionic minerals that help to keep the acid-alkaline balance in check.

BCAA

The BCAAs (Branch Chain Amino Acids) are leucine, isoleucine, and valine. The name "branched-chain amino acids" is derived from the structure of these compounds. Each one has a forked outcropping that looks a bit like a branch, hence the name branched chain amino acids.

The three BCAAs are incredibly essential and actually fall into the category of essential amino acids. Essential amino acids are amino acids that the body cannot synthesize on its own and therefore must get adequate amounts through dietary sources.

Bee Pollen

Bee Pollen is known as a ‘natural multi-vitamin’ as it is a source of essential vitamins, minerals, amino acids and enzymes.

The name is slightly misleading as bees actually don't produce pollen, however when collecting nectar (to make honey) part of the product cycle is that bees brush past pollen and thus spread it on to the neighbouring plants. Bee-keepers have developed techniques to collect this pollen and once discovering the superior properties of bee pollen, they have developed this market. 

Beetroot

Beet powder provides a convenient way to get a natural nitrate boost in an easy to digest form. Concentrated beet is ideal for nitrate loading before big events or to support with endurance sports.

Beetroot may be used before and during endurance training and events to increase the ability of the body to absorb oxygen. 

Beta-Alanine

Beta Alanine is a naturally occurring amino acid that is one of the building blocks of carnosine, a molecule that helps buffer acid in muscles, which can lead to greater athletic performance and prevent muscle fatigue.

Beta Alanine is a common ingredient in pre-workout supplements/drinks as it may support a great pump and workout intensity. 

Betcarotene

Beta-carotene, like all carotenoids, is an antioxidant. An antioxidant is a substance that inhibits the oxidation of other molecules; it protects the body from free radicals. Free radicals damage cells through oxidation.

Eventually, the damage caused by free radicals can cause several chronic illnesses.
Oxidative stress is thought to be a key factor in cognitive decline, the researchers explained. Studies have shown that antioxidant supplements may help prevent the deterioration of cognition

Bilberry

Bilberry is also known as Vaccinium myrtillus, bog bilberries, (a variety of) blueberries and whortleberries.

Bilberry is most commonly used for supporting eye health and eyesight, including night vision. In fact, during World War II, British pilots in the Royal Air Force ate bilberry jam to possibly improve their night vision. Bilberry is also used for treating eye conditions such as cataracts and disorders of the retina and it may help retinal disorders.

Biotin

Biotin is a water-soluble B-vitamin. It helps to promote healthy skin, nails and hair, and is necessary for certain enzymes to work properly. Biotin also supports energy metabolism in the body, and is required for protein, carbohydrate, and fat metabolism. 

Biotin is commonly supplemented as a beauty product or to support increase energy. 

Blackcurrant

It is believed that it is the polyphenols and anthocyanins contained in blackcurrants which contribute to their potent antioxidant effect.

Computer use has now become a necessary part of modern life and with this brings the rise of computer-related eye problems including eyestrain and eye fatigue. The natural effects of ageing can also cause problems with the circulatory system of the eye. The inclusion of dietary blackcurrant anthocyanins helps promote eye health and good vision particularly relating to working with computers and visual display terminals.

Black Pepper

Research studies have shown that black pepper has quite a handful of healthy properties.

It has the ability to enhance the function of the digestive tract. Black pepper is a great way to combat this. More than just a spice, it has been shown to improve digestion and stimulate the secretion from the taste buds. This taste bud stimulation tells the stomach that it's supposed to increase its own digestive juices, namely hydrochloric acid. This, in turn breaks down protein in the stomach, improving the process of digestion. Black pepper is known to have a great amount of antioxidant properties. It also has benefits against bacterial growth, particularly in the intestinal tract.

Bone Broth

Bone Broth is a nutrient dense soup like stock created from bovine bones. 

Paleo and keto approved bone broth is a high fat, zero carb snack that provides a tasty easy meal that is high in certain amino acids. Bone Broth is ideal for those partaking in a ketogenic lifestyle, and also paleo fans. 

Boron

Boron is a trace mineral essential to human health and must be obtained from diet or supplements. This nutrient recently gained popularity after researchers found that it helps the bones use calcium. Increased boron levels in the soil have been associated with a lower risk of osteoarthritis.

Boron as a supplement is used to support building strong bones, treating osteoarthritis, as an aid for building muscles and increasing testosterone levels, and for improving thinking skills and muscle coordination. Women sometimes use capsules containing boric acid, the most common form of boron, inside the vagina to treat yeast infections. Boron is a common mineral found in many of the joint support formulas, due to its elements that support bone health and osteoarthritis prevention. 

Boswellia

Boswellia, or Indian frankincense, is a resin herbal extract from the boswellia tree, that may provide anti-inflammatory benefits that it may help with inflammatory conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and asthma.

Boswellia is commonly used in addition to joint and mobility products, due to its anti-inflammatory properties, and works well along side glucosamine and chondroitin. 

Cacao

Cacao is the plant species from which cocoa (and chocolate) is processed from. Cacao and cocoa aren't in the same, Cacao is the tree, while cocoa is the product made from it  The most important part of the cacao plant are the cacao pods and the beans inside them, that can be processed to make cocoa powder, cocoa butter, or chocolate after being dried and fermented.

It is said that cacao is high in antioxidants, which help to eliminate free radicals caused by pollution, toxins and unhealthy foods. Also factors such as stress, can create free-radical that damage cells. Raw cacao powder contains more than 300 different chemical compounds and nearly four times the antioxidant power of your average dark chocolate - more than 20 times than that of blueberries. 

Calcium

Calcium is a mineral found in many foods. The body needs calcium to maintain strong bones and to carry out many important functions. Almost all calcium is stored in bones and teeth, where it supports their structure and hardness.

The body also needs calcium for muscles to move and for nerves to carry messages between the brain and every body part. In addition, calcium is used to help blood vessels move blood throughout the body and to help release hormones and enzymes that affect almost every function in the human body

Calendula

Calendula flower extracts have numerous pharmacological properties, including antimicrobial, anti-phlogistic (treatment for fever and inflammation), immuno-stimulant, antitumor and choleretic (stimulates liver production of bile) activity. 

Calendula is also commonly added to skin care products and due to it's gentleness and its ability to protect skin is often used for sensitive or baby skin. 

Celery

Celery is used to treat joint pain (rheumatism), gout, hysteria, nervousness, headache, weight loss due to malnutrition, loss of appetite, and exhaustion.

Celery is also to promote relaxation and sleep; to kill bacteria in the urinary tract; as a digestive aid and for regulating bowel movements; to start menstruation; to control intestinal gas (flatulence); to increase sexual desire; to reduce the flow of breast milk; for stimulating glands; treating menstrual discomfort; and for “blood purification.”

Charcoal

Charcoal may be used in a number of body functions. Charcoal may support stomach function, especially during time of upset stomachs or diarrhea, and as a great travel mate.

Charcoal may also support teeth and gum health, or as a gentle skin cleaner. 

Cherry

Cherry extract has many uses but it is most commonly used as a sleep aid. Tart Cherry fruit contains melatonin which helps to regulate sleep patterns.

It also contains ingredients that are thought to reduce inflammation so it also can be used for osteoarthritis, muscle pain, exercise-related muscle damage, gout, to increase urine production, and to help digestion.

Chia Seeds

Chia seedsare derived from the desert plant Salvia hispanica, and offer one of the highest combined plant source of omega-3, fibre and protein, alongside a range of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants.  

Adding a tablespoon of chia to your daily diet delivers 3g of omega-3 ALA and 6g of dietary fibre. Chia also a fantastic source of vegetarian protein, containing all nine essential amino acids.

Chia Seeds can be used many ways, wither soaked or added to breads, breakfast cereals or smoothies, and the normal usage is about a tablespoon a day. 

Chlorella

The detoxification capability of body cleansing Chlorella is due to the high chlorophyll content. It can be used as a natural daily multi-vitamin with the added benefit of being a gentle internal ‘cleanse’ for the body. Chlorella has also been used to detoxify overexposure to pesticides, insecticides and radiation

Chlorophyll

Chlorophyll delivers a continuous energy transfusion into our bloodstream, replenishing and increasing red blood cell count. And since hemoglobin carries oxygen to our cells, increasing hemoglobin thereby increases the ability of red blood cells to carry oxygen and delivers us increased levels of oxygen – and this is a very good thing.

Disease-promoting anaerobic bacteria cannot live and thrive in the presence of oxygen. It’s also known that disease can’t thrive in an alkaline environment either.

Chondroitin

In osteoarthritis, the cartilage in the joints breaks down. Taking chondroitin sulfate, one of the building blocks of cartilage, might slow this breakdown. Chondroitin sulfate is a chemical that is normally found in cartilage around joints in the body is normally manufactured from animal sources.

Chondroitin sulfate main use is for osteoarthritis. It is often used in combination with other products, including manganese ascorbate, glucosamine sulfate, glucosamine hydrochloride, or N-acetyl glucosamine. Normally chondroitin will be taken along with glucosamine as joint pain support and it is common to find joint care formulas that contain these two elements together. 

Chromium

The body needs chromium for normal growth and health. People who are unable to get enough chromium in their regular diet or who have a need for more chromium, chromium supplements may be necessary.

Chromium may support your body use sugar properly and also may be needed for the breakdown of proteins and fats. Lack of chromium may lead to nerve problems and may decrease the body's ability to use sugar properly.

Coconut Oil

Coconut oil has been used for skin and hair care, and applying coconut oil to skin and hair leaves it well moisturised, soft and shiny. It also assists with dryness associated with psoriasis, dermatitis, eczema and dandruff, and may even support hair and scalp to be free from lice and lice eggs.

Coconut oil is also good for the immune system as it contains antimicrobial lipids, lauric acid, capric acid and caprylic acid which have antifungal, antibacterial and antiviral properties. There is growing support for 'coconut oil pulling' to help oral health and fight against infections. The antibacterial properties of coconut oil is supposed to support the fight against oral infections like gingivitis and halitosis (bad breath). 

Cod Liver Oil

Cod liver oil is widely taken to ease the pain and joint stiffness associated with arthritis. It may have a positive effect on heart, bone, as well as helping to repair wounded skin, hair, nails, and teeth. Cod liver oil and fish oil are similar, but cod liver oil has higher levels of vitamins A and D. A tablespoon (15 ml) of cod liver oil (13.6 g) contains 4080 μg of retinol (vitamin A) and 34 μg of vitamin D.

As Cod Liver Oil is high in Vitamin A and Vitamin D, thus makes it an ideal immunity support during times of illness. 

Collagen

Collagen occurs in many places throughout the body and over 90% of the collagen in the body, however, is type I.

The five most common types are:
 - Collagen I: skin, tendon, vascular ligature, organs, bone
 - Collagen II: cartilage 
 - Collagen III: is found in more distensible tissues like blood vessels, forming small fibrous elements
 - Collagen IV: forms basal lamina, the epithelium-secreted layer of the basement membrane.
 - Collagen V: cell surfaces, hair and placenta

A combination of collagens help support healthy skin, joint and tendons.
 

Colloidal Silver

Colloidal silver can kill certain germs by binding to and destroying proteins, and helps support immunity and has a number of health benefits.

Commonly used for immunity or as an antibacterial, Colloidal Silver can be used internally or topically. 

Colostrum

Colostrum is a milky fluid that comes from the breasts of mammals the first few days after giving birth, before true milk appears.

Colostrum contains special proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals, and proteins (antibodies) that fight disease-causing agents such as bacteria and viruses, and in a way provides the new born with critical nutrition for the first few days of it's life.

Copper

Copper assists in converting iron into hemoglobin, is required to produce red blood cells, and assists in transporting oxygen throughout the blood stream. Copper assists in promoting proper brain and nervous system functionality.

Copper is essential for infant growth, bone strength, red and white blood cell maturation, iron transport, cholesterol and glucose metabolism, heart muscle contraction and brain development. Copper nutrition is especially important for pregnant women. 

CoQ10

CoQ10 (Coenzyme Q10) is similar to a vitamin and is found in every cell of the body. Your body makes CoQ10, and your cells use it to produce energy your body needs for cell growth and maintenance. CoQ10 is sometimes described as your cells' spark plug.

CoQ10 also functions as an antioxidant, which protects the body from damage caused by harmful free radicals.
The most uses for CoQ10 is to support a healthy heart, al lesser so to support muscular dystrophy, and periodontal disease. Sometimes CoQ10 is also said to boost energy and speed recovery from exercise, whilst some people take it to help reduce the effects certain medicines can have on the heart, muscles, and other organs.

Cramp Bark

As the name suggests, Cramp Bark is mainly used for relieving cramps, including muscle spasms, menstrual cramps, and cramps during pregnancy.

Cramp bark is a plant that grows in North America. Historically, Native Americans used cramp bark as medicine for reducing swollen glands and treating fluid retention, mumps, and eye disorders. They also smoked cramp bark as a substitute for tobacco. Cramps Bark is often part of a cramp/muscle relaxant formula and is commonly added to magnesium to support the reduction of the muscle spasms and tension.

Cranberry

Cranberry extract is most commonly used to support the prevention and treatment of urinary tract infections (UTIs). Cranberry Juice also seems to help prevent UTIs, but so far it doesn’t seem to be effective in treating UTIs.

Cranberry is also used for supporting neurogenic bladder (a bladder disease), as well as to deodorize urine in people with urinary incontinence (difficulty controlling urination). Some people use cranberry to increase urine flow, kill germs, speed skin healing, and reduce fever. Also another common use for cranberry is to support the fight against type 2 diabetes, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), inflammation of the lining around the lung (pleurisy), and cancer.

A cranberry extract, along with a high performing probiotic, can be an effective support in the treatment of most urinary tract infections.

Creatine

Creatine is most commonly used for improving exercise performance and increasing muscle mass in athletes and older adults. The use of creatine may also support in improving the athletic performance of young, healthy people during brief high-intensity activity such as sprinting.

Creatine use is widespread among professional and amateur athletes and the findings seem to indicate that creatine loading (using 20 grams daily for 5 days) may be more effective than continuous use.

Curcumin

Turmeric is best known as a spice and one of the main components of curry powder and asian cusine. In India and other parts of Asia, turmeric has been traditionally used to treat many health conditions as it is believed to have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and perhaps even anticancer properties.

Curcumin, a substance in turmeric, may help to support to reduce inflammation and in doing so it may ease symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, like pain and inflammation.

Dandelion

Dandelion is commonly used as an appetite stimulant and diuretic and can help reduce water retention and promote a healthy urinary tract.

Dandelions support the body with digestion, weight management and healthy blood pressure, and is often supplemented as a detox product and it works well alongside Milk Thistle

Digestive Enzymes

Digestive Enzymes support the stomach proteins in digesting some foods that you may have trouble in breaking down. The stomach has a concoction of acids, proteins and enzymes all designed to break up food so the nutrients from those foods can be absorbed, either through the stomach wall, or the large or small intestine.

Sometimes the stomach may lose its digestive balance and this may result in a bloated tummy, flatulence, heaviness or seeing undigested food in the stool. A digestive enzyme supplement may help correct the acidity on the stomach allowing the gut to do its job and allowing the absorption of all the nutritional benefits of the stomach. It may also support those suffering from leaky gut syndrome (LGS)

D-Mannose

D-mannose is commonly used for infections of the kidney, bladder, or urethra (urinary tract infections or UTIs). D-mannose may prevent certain kinds of bacteria from sticking to the walls of the urinary tract and causing infection.

D-Mannose is often supplemented to support urinary complications, and is often combined with cranberry to give a better overall support. 

Echinacea

Echinacea is widely used to fight infections, especially winters ills and chills and other upper respiratory infections.

It is common for some people take echinacea at the first sign of a chill, hoping they will be able to keep the lurgy from developing, whilst other people take echinacea after cold symptoms have started, hoping they can make symptoms less severe.  Echinacea is also used against many other infections including  urinary tract infections, vaginal yeast infections, genital herpes, bloodstream infections (septicemia), gum disease, tonsillitis, streptococcus infections, syphilis, typhoid, malaria, and diphtheria.

Elderberry

For centuries the dark berries of European black elder have been traditionally used as a winter remedy. Elderberry supports respiratory health and is ideal for winter months and immune support. 

Elderberry is common in winter immunity products and works well alongside other winter immune support products such as Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Echinacea, Zinc and manuka honey. 

Electrolytes

Electrolytes include critical minerals lost during illness or exercise. Sweating often depletes many minerals from the body, especially sodium, potassium, magnesium and chloride.

Electrolytes are commonly used to supplement water during prolonged exercise (over 90 mins) and it may support to reduce cramps or poor athletic performance. 

Ester-C

Ester C is a pH neutral product which has a different composition from regular vitamin C, which is ascorbic acid. The main component of this product is calcium ascorbate. The reason to use Ester-C over straight vitamin C is individuals experienced fewer stomach side effects, if you have a sensitive stomach, you may want to choose Ester C over regular vitamin C for this reason.

Ester C is commonly taken all year round, but it can be especially beneficial during the winter season, where a strong immune system is required to fight off those winters ills and chills. 

Evening Primrose Oil

Evening primrose oil is the oil from the seed of the evening primrose plant and is mainly used for skin disorders such as eczema, psoriasis, and acne, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), breast pain, endometriosis, and symptoms of menopause such as hot flashes.

Evening Primrose Oil contains essential fatty acids and has very high levels of "gamma-linolenic acid" (GLA), also known as "omega-6". The oil contains up to 15% gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) and 70% linolenic acid, which your body turns into GLA. The body eventually converts GLA into prostaglandins - hormones necessary for a number of important functions.

Fenugreek

Fenugreek is a plant and typically the seeds are used when a supplement is required.

Fenugreek is used for many conditions, but the main one are that it supports the digestive system and to encourage milk flow.  Fenugreek is used for digestive problems such as loss of appetite, upset stomach, constipation, inflammation of the stomach (gastritis) and Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), whilst some Women who are breast-feeding sometimes use fenugreek to promote milk flow. Men can often use fenugreek for hernia, erectile dysfunction (ED), and it is sometimes a herb added to support testosterone.

Fish Oil

Fish oil is used for a wide range of conditions and contain a number of essential fatty acids; two of the most important omega-3 fatty acids contained in fish oil are eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and Fish Oil is most often used for conditions related to the heart and blood system.

One of the most common usages for fish oil is to lower blood pressure or triglyceride levels (fats related to cholesterol) and fish oil has also been trialed for preventing heart disease or stroke. Evidence suggests that fish oil really does lower high triglycerides, and it also seems to help prevent heart disease and stroke when taken in the recommended amounts. Fish Oil has also earned notoriety as a “brain food”, a joint supplement and as support for healthy eyes and skin.

Flaxseed Oil

Flaxseed is the seed from the plant Linum usitatissimum and Oil from the seed is used to make medicine. Flaxseed is also know as Linseed.

Flaxseed includes omega 3, 6 and 9 and it is commonly used by to support the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and high cholesterol. It is also sometimes taken  for treating osteoarthritis, anxiety, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), vaginal infections, dry eyes, “hardening of the arteries” (atherosclerosis), high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Folic Acid

Folic Acid is most commonly used by women who are pregnant or might become pregnant to prevent miscarriage and “neural tube defects,” birth defects such as spina bifida that occur when the fetus’s spine and back do not close during development.

Folic acid is also used for preventing and treating low blood levels of folate (folate deficiency), as well as its complications, including “tired blood” (anemia) and the inability of the bowel to absorb nutrients properly. Folic acid is also used for other conditions commonly associated with folate deficiency, including ulcerative colitis, liver disease, alcoholism, and kidney dialysis. It is suggested that pregnant (or those trying to become pregnant) should be absorbing 400mcg of folic acid a day, through either their nutrition or via a supplement. 

Garcinia Cambogia

Garcinia Cambogia is a popular weight-management supplement that may support the body's ability to make fat and it dull the appetite.

The active ingredient of Garcinia Cambogia is in the fruit's rind, hydroxycitric acid, or HCA. HCA may have the ability to boost fat-burning and suppress appetite, as it may block an enzyme called citrate lyase, which your body uses to make fat. It may also raise levels of the brain chemical serotonin, which affects mood and may make you feel less hungry.

Garcinia Cambogia may offer support to those wishing to lose a few kilograms and it is more effective if taken in additional to a safe exercise plan and a well balanced diet. 

Garlic

Garlic as a herbal extract has commonly been used for many ailments, the most common include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, coronary heart disease, heart attack, “hardening of the arteries" (atherosclerosis) and the immune support.

However garlic has many other benefits to all over the body from bacterial to fungal infections. Garlic can be used all year round, but as an immunity booster garlic can be especially beneficial during the winter ills and chills season.  Garlic produces a chemical called allicin (this makes garlic smell)  and some products are made “odorless” by aging the garlic, so there's no 'garlic breath'.

Ginger

Ginger has been used as a herbal remedy as well as a culinary ingredient for centuries.

Ginger may help support increased blood circulation, helping to eliminate cold hands and feet, as well helping those who always feel ‘cold’. Also ginger has been regularly used to support digestion, especially against upset stomachs and nausea. This is ideal also for those who suffer the ongoing effects of morning sickness during pregnancy and may also support those who suffer from motion sickness.

Ginkgo

Ginkgo as a herbal extract may support improving blood circulation and is most commonly used as support for mental, mood, cognitive and eye health.

Ginkgo may support the brain in terms of supporting anxiety, mental function, dementia, dizziness and vertigo. In addition to this Ginkgo has also been used for vision support, leg pain (through poor circulation) and PMS. Gingko is ideal for those who are feeling a little cloudy or need an extra mental boost due to exams or high work load.

Ginseng

Ginseng has been used as a medicine for over two thousand years and Ginseng is used in Traditional Chinese Medicine for improving thinking, concentration, memory and work efficiency, physical stamina, and athletic endurance.

Ginseng contains many active substances - the most important are called ginsenosides or panaxosides. Some people use ginseng to help them cope with stress and as a general tonic for improving well-being. Ginseng is a ideal everyday tonic to support physical and mental well-being. 

Glucosamine

Glucosamine helps support keeping the joints healthy by providing essential nutrients to the tendons, cartilage and ligaments. Natural glucosamine levels drop as people age, leading to gradual deterioration of the joint.

Glucosamine may help ease the pain of mild to moderate osteoarthritis of the knees and other joint pain caused by osteoarthritis.

For osteoarthritis, the typical dose of glucosamine suggested is 500mg of glucosamine sulfate taken three times a day. In addition, sufferers may also wish to look at supplement glucosamine with chondroitin, boron, MSM and celery for overall joint discomfort support. 

Grape Seed

The most common use for grape seed extract because it contains antioxidants, these are substances that protect cells from free radical damage and may help prevent many diseases.

However grape seed extract may also support the body against a number of cardiovascular conditions as it may help with poor circulation (chronic venous insufficiency) and to support the fight against high cholesterol. Grape seed extract also may reduce swelling caused by injury and helps with eye disease related to diabetes.

Green Coffee Bean

Green coffee beans are simply coffee beans that are un-roasted. The roasting process of coffee beans reduces amounts of the chemical chlorogenic acid. Therefore, green coffee beans have a higher level of chlorogenic acid compared to regular, roasted coffee beans. 

Chlorogenic acid in green coffee is thought to have health benefits for weight management, heart disease and diabetes. Green coffee became popular for weight loss after it was mentioned on the Dr. Oz show in 2012. The Dr. Oz show referred to it as “The green coffee bean that burns fat fast” and claims that no exercise or diet is needed.

Green Lipped Mussel

New Zealand green-lipped mussel is a shellfish and as an extract it is available in freeze-dried, ground and supplied in capsule form.

Green Lipped Mussel may have properties that support to reduce inflammation, especially in the joints and may be beneficial for rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and asthma.

Green Superfood

The Greens (Vital Green, Essential Greens, Good Green Stuff) are essentially powdered vegetables that help provide the body all the nutrients of fruits and vegetables that they may be lacking due to poor diet or inadequate nutrition. 

Greens are also highly convenient as all you need to do as add water, mix and drink and you are able to normally provide yourself with all the 5 plus a day we are always told we need. In addition the 'greens' many of these SuperFood powders can contain other properties, like digestive enzymes, probiotics, protein, herbal extracts or powerful antioxidants, to really make them a one stop shop in regards to general health and well-being. 

Green Tea

Green tea is a product made from the Camellia sinensis plant. It can be prepared as a beverage, which can have some health effects or an “extract” can be made from the leaves to use as medicine. The useful parts of green tea are the leaf bud, leaf, and stem. Green tea is not fermented and is produced by steaming fresh leaves at high temperatures. During this process, it is able to maintain important molecules called polyphenols, which seem to be responsible for many of the benefits of green tea.

Green tea contains 2% to 4% caffeine, which affects thinking and alertness, increases urine output, and may improve the function of brain messengers important in Parkinson’s disease. Caffeine is thought to stimulate the nervous system, heart, and muscles by increasing the release of certain chemicals in the brain called “neurotransmitters.”

Guarana

Guarana is commonly used for weight management, to enhance athletic performance, as a stimulant, and to reduce mental and physical fatigue, and is a frequent addition to energy and weight loss products.

Guarana is a plant named for the Guarani tribe in the Amazon, who used the seeds to brew a drink. Guarana contains caffeine that works by stimulating the central nervous system (CNS), heart, and muscles. Guarana also contains theophylline and theobromine, which are chemicals similar to caffeine.

Hemp

Hemp Seed Oil has become more and more popular recently as a ideal alternative of omega oils. Hemp Oil contains Omegas 3 and 6, in an optimal ratio of 3:1, proving the perfect intake of essential fatty acids for general health and well-being. When looking for an ideal Hemp Seed Oil, look for New Zealand grown Hemp Seed, as it contains no GMO

Hemp products do not contain the element (THC) that creates a 'high' from cannabis. 

Homoeopathy

Homoeopathy is a unique system of medicine that has been in popular use for over 200 years. While some of the principles of homoeopathy were in use by the ancient Greeks and Egyptians, it is the German physician Dr Samuel Hahnemann who is credited with the discovery and development of homoeopathy into a system of medicine.

Homoeopathic remedies are unique in their actions, seeking to help stimulate the body's own defense systems to enable a completely natural cure. Homoeopathy is not to be confused with herbalism (medicine from herbs), or naturopathy (the discipline which brings together all natural therapies).

Horny Goat Weed

The most common use for Horny Goat Weed is for males to use it to support sexual performance by aiding against erectile dysfunction  and premature ejaculation, as well as to arouse sexual desire

Horny goat weed is an herb used in Traditional Chinese medicine.

Horny goat weed contains chemicals which may help increase blood flow and improve sexual function. It also contains phytoestrogens, chemicals that act somewhat like the female hormone estrogen, that might reduce bone loss in postmenopausal women.

Horseradish

Horseradish may support the fight against bacteria and stop spasms, and is most commonly used during nasal or sinus congestions. Horseradish is a plant and is frequently prepared as a condiment, but the roots are also extracted to used as a natural health supplement.

Horseradish can also be useful to support for urinary tract infections, kidney stones, fluid retention, cough, bronchitis, achy joints (rheumatism), gallbladder disorders, sciatic nerve pain, gout, colic, and intestinal worms in children.

Often horseradish is used as a part of a winter ills and chills remedy to support the symptoms of cold and flu.

Hyaluronic Acid

Hyaluronic acid is a sugar found naturally in cells that holds water and helps keep it hydrated.

Hyaluronic acid is commonly supplemented to support beautiful healthy, glowing skin and to support cushioning of joint cartilage, tendons and ligaments. Hyaluronic acid is often taken in conjunction with collagen to help plump skin and reduce fine lines, as well as increase mobility and flexibility. 

Inulin

Inulin is a natural prebiotic that support digestion and bowel health.

Inulin is highly soluble form of natural plant fibre, that supports the feeling of fullness in the stomach and is ideal support for those on the Keto Diet. Inulin is often added to protein powders (both vegan and dairy) to support digestion and absorption of nutrients. Also inulin may assist stomach discomfort and can also be used if you start experiencing bloating, flatulence or reflux. 

Iodine

Iodine deficiency during pregnancy is serious for both the mother and the baby. It can lead to high blood pressure during pregnancy for the mother, and mental retardation for the baby.

Iodine plays an important role in development of the central nervous system. In extreme cases, iodine deficiency can lead to cretinism, a disorder that involves severely stunted physical and mental growth.

Iron

The most common reason people take iron supplements for supporting the treatment of iron deficiency and the resulting, anemia. If iron levels are low, then the red blood cells cannot carry enough oxygen to the body, and this often leaves people feeling very tired.

Iron is essential in red blood cells as it helps deliver oxygen from the lungs to cells all over the body. Once the oxygen is delivered, iron then helps red blood cells carry carbon dioxide waste back to the lungs to be exhaled. Women frequently take iron supplements to make up for iron lost in heavy menstrual periods, but they can also eat iron-rich foods, such as pork, ham, chicken, fish, beans, and especially beef, liver, and lamb to support iron levels.

Kelp

Kelp, like many sea plants, contains iodine, which is used to prevent or treat some thyroid disorders. Also Kelp also contains algin, which can act as a laxative to help the stool pass through the bowels.

Kelp as a extract also contain essential minerals and can be seen as a natural alternative to chemical supplements. 

Keto

Keto is short for ketogenic, and is a state that the body may reach once it starts to burn fat instead of carbohydrates. Ketosis is reached generally by reducing the body's daily carb intake to about 20 grams a day. 

The body slowly adapts to this diet change, which is generally high in fat and medium in protein, and starts processing ketones as energy. Common benefits from a Keto Diet is fat loss, increased energy, the feeling of being fuller for longer, better moods and clearer thoughts, and greater endurance. 

Kiwi Fruit

A Kiwifruit extract may provide digestive support and bowel regularity without the gas and bloating side effects commonly associated with fibre supplements.

The ingredient derived from Kiwifruit, Actazin, has a normalising effect on the bowel, so it can be used long term and will continue to gently support gut health without overstimulation. Actazin is derived using a special process which ensures the beneficial nutrients of the Kiwifruit are maintained. Kiwifruit may also have antioxidant properties and does provide a decent dose of Vitamin C 

Krill Oil

Krill oil contains omega-3 fatty acids similar to that of fish oil. These fats are thought to be beneficial fats that may support to decrease swelling, lower cholesterol, and make blood platelets less sticky - when blood platelets are less sticky they are less likely to form clots.

Krill oil is oil from a tiny, shrimp-like animal and often the omega-3 concentrate in krill oil is much higher than Fish Oil, so far fewer capsules are generally required.  Krill oil is most commonly used for support the fight against heart disease, high levels of certain blood fats (triglycerides), high cholesterol, high blood pressure, stroke, cancer, osteoarthritis, depression, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), and painful menstrual periods.

Kombucha

Kombucha is commonly used to support digestion and to populate the stomach with good healthy bacteria. As a healthy gut may be linked to better immunity and mood and mental health, Kombucha may be seen as a general health elixir. Kombucha is a fermented, lightly effervescent, sweetened black or green tea drink commonly consumed for its supposed health benefits, however kombucha may also be supplemented in capsule form. 

Lavender

Lavender Oil is extracted via steam distillation of the lavender flowers grown in France. 

Lavender Oil is useful for relaxation and relieving stress, support the relief of depression and anxiety. It can also be directly applied to cuts, burns and stings as it provides antiseptic and antiviral properties.

Lecithin

Lecithin is a fat that is essential in the cells of the body and it often used to support treating memory disorders such as dementia and Alzheimer’s disease and helping to support the body to lower high cholesterol.

It is also used for treating gallbladder disease, liver disease, certain types of depression, anxiety, and a skin disease called eczema.

Lecithin is converted into acetylcholine, a substance that transmits nerve impulses.

Licorice Root

The most common use for licorice is to support the body against sore throats, bronchitis, coughs, and infections caused by bacteria or viruses, and various digestive system complaints including stomach ulcers, heartburn, colic, and ongoing inflammation of the lining of the stomach (chronic gastritis).

Licorice is a plant  and it is thought that the chemicals contained in licorice support to decrease swelling, thin mucus secretions, decrease cough, and increase the chemicals in our body that heal ulcers.

Lutein

The most common use of lutein is as “the eye vitamin” and it is used to support the prevention of eye diseases including age-related macular degeneration (AMD), cataracts, and retinitis pigmentosa.

Lutein is one of two major carotenoids found as a color pigment in the human eye (macular and retina). It is thought to function as a light filter, protecting the eye tissues from sunlight damage. Lutein is related to beta-carotene and vitamin A and is best taken with a high-fat meal, to increased absorption.

Lycopene

Lycopene is a powerful antioxidant that may help protect cells from damage and is what gives most fruit and vegetable their red colouring and tomatoes have one of the highest concentrations of lycopene.

The most common reason people may take lycopene is to support preventing heart disease, "hardening of the arteries" (atherosclerosis); and disease of the prostate, breast, lung, bladder, ovaries, colon, and pancreas.  Lycopene is also sometimes used to support the treatment of human papilloma virus (HPV) infection, which is a major cause of uterine cancer.  

L-Arginine

L-arginine is non-essential amino acid that once in the body is converted into a chemical called nitric oxide. Nitric oxide causes blood vessels to open wider for improved blood flow and L-arginine also stimulates the release of growth hormone, insulin, and other substances in the body.

The most common use for L-arginine to support the release of hormones such as testosterone which can support problems with erectile disfunction and impotence. An increase in hormones may also lead to more energy, improved sporting performance and a healthier mood.

L-Carnitine

L-Carnitine is a vitamin-like nutrient that may support energy production and fat metabolism.

L-Carnitine is most commonly used by athletes and by people wanting to manage their weight as it provides ergogenic support and possibly promotes glycogen sparing in the course of prolonged exercise. This means that L-Carnitine is able to support the body to burn fat for energy, rather than glycogen - this has a double-whammy effect. It assists the body to support fat buring and it assists in providing prolonged energy.

You'll either find L-Carnitine on it's own for endurance athletes or as a part of a weight management complex for dieters. 

L-Citrulline

L-citrulline is a non-essential amino acid that helps the body produce nitric oxide and improve blood flow. 

L-citrulline may be used to treat a rare genetic disorder and may help with certain vascular problems and other medical conditions. However L-citrulline is often taken to support to enhance energy and as pre-work out supplement, due to supporting increased oxygen flow in the blood. 

L-Glutamine

Glutamine is an amino acid (a building block for proteins), found naturally in the body and is used to support the body maintaining it's correct glutamine levels as to prevent muscle wasting and providing fuel to many of the cells.

Glutamine is often used to counter some of the side effects of some harsh medical treatments. For example, it is sometimes used for symptoms of cancer chemotherapy including diarrhea, pain and swelling inside the mouth (mucositis), nerve pain (neuropathy), and muscle and joint pains caused by the cancer drug Taxol.Glutamine is also popular for physical trainers and athletes, as they are often depleting their glutamine levels due to high intensity training and competition, which puts the body under stress and excess waste caused by bouts of heavy resistance and long endurance training.

L-Glutathione

L-Glutathione a naturally occurring cellular tripeptide composed of amino acids cystine, glutamic acid and gylcine. When combined together these amino acids provide the cells with an essential compound that is a critical part of the body's natural defence system. L-Glutathione is an important cellular antioxidant that protects cells against oxidative stress and therefore has a critical role in cellular detoxification. 

L-Isoleucine

L-Isoleucine is one of the essential amino acids that cannot be made by the body and is commonly used for athletic performance as it may support endurance and assist in the repair and rebuilding of muscle.

L-Isoleucine, like Valine and L-Leucine is a Branch Chain Amino Acid (BCAA), and they may assist providing fuel to muscle cells, sparing other amino acids from being burned up. Like the other BCAAs, Isoleucine supports the synthesis of protein in the muscle cell, allowing repair and growth. It is common to find some range of BCAAs in some protein powders, or as a BCAA supplement.

L-Leucine

L-Leucine is an essential amino acid.

L-Leucine is mainly used to provide support for athletic and sports performance, as it helps preserve lean muscle tissue. L-Leucine also supplies the body with energy when under engaging in athletic activity, it preserves muscle glycogen (glucose stored in muscle tissue used to power muscular contraction) and it maintains the body's nitrogen balance. Also, L-Leucine may increase Human Growth Hormone (HGH) secretion. L-Leucine supports muscle growth, repair and maintenance by providing the gateway for the body to use the protein it consumes, which is important for strength, power and endurance athletes.  

L-Lysine

Lysine is an amino acid (building block of protein) and is commonly used for preventing and treating cold sores (caused by the virus called herpes simplex labialis). It is taken by mouth or applied directly to the skin for this use.

Lysine may also support improved athletic performance.

L-Theanine

L-Theanine is an amino acid found in green tea and is most commonly used to support the treatment of mood, anxiety, high blood pressure, Alzheimer’s disease and for making cancer drugs more effective.

L-Theanine has a chemical structure very similar to glutamate, a naturally occurring amino acid in the body that helps transmit nerve impulses in the brain. 

L-Tyrosine

L-Tyrosine is an amino acid that supports brain nutrition, as it is a precursor of the neurotransmitters dopamine, norepinephrine and epinephrine.

Common uses for L-Tyrosine is to support in improving mental performance, alertness, or memory. L-Tyrosine has also sometimes been used to treat depression or attention deficit disorder (ADD or ADHD). 

Magnesium

Magnesium is an extremely important mineral that is required for more than 300 chemical reactions in the body.

Magnesium supports the proper growth and maintenance of bones, the function of nerves, muscles, and many other parts of the body, and in the stomach, magnesium helps neutralise stomach acid and moves stools through the intestine. Many people take magnesium to support overall general health and in particular they may find that magnesium may support mood, relaxation and sleep, bone health, muscle tension and pain, high blood pressure, osteoporosis, PMS, high cholesterol, migraines, constipation, leg cramps and chronic fatigue syndrome.

Magnesium Aspartate

Magnesium is an extremely important mineral that is required for more than 300 chemical reactions in the body.

Magnesium supports the proper growth and maintenance of bones, the function of nerves, muscles, and many other parts of the body, and in the stomach, magnesium helps neutralise stomach acid and moves stools through the intestine.

Magnesium aspartate is one of the better supplemental forms of magnesium

Magnesium Chelate

Magnesium is an extremely important mineral that is required for more than 300 chemical reactions in the body.

Magnesium supports the proper growth and maintenance of bones, the function of nerves, muscles, and many other parts of the body, and in the stomach, magnesium helps neutralise stomach acid and moves stools through the intestine. Chelation can make it easier for the body to absorb magnesium as chelation imitates the natural form so that the body can absorb it more readily. 

Magnesium Citrate

Magnesium is an extremely important mineral that is required for more than 300 chemical reactions in the body.

Magnesium supports the proper growth and maintenance of bones, the function of nerves, muscles, and many other parts of the body, and in the stomach, magnesium helps neutralise stomach acid and moves stools through the intestine. The common use for Magnesium Citrate is to support the promotion of bowel movement. Magnesium Citrate may help support the losening of the stool and therefore promote easier waste removal from the bowel.

Magnesium Orotate

Magnesium is an extremely important mineral that is required for more than 300 chemical reactions in the body.

Magnesium supports the proper growth and maintenance of bones, the function of nerves, muscles, and many other parts of the body, and in the stomach, magnesium helps neutralise stomach acid and moves stools through the intestine.

The most common usage for Magnesium Orotate is to support sleep and relieve stress.

Magnesium Phosphate

Magnesium is an extremely important mineral that is required for more than 300 chemical reactions in the body.

Magnesium supports the proper growth and maintenance of bones, the function of nerves, muscles, and many other parts of the body, and in the stomach, magnesium helps neutralise stomach acid and moves stools through the intestine.

The most common use for Magnesium Phosphate is to support the relaxation of the muscles and prevent cramping.

Malic Acid

Malic acid is a chemical found in certain fruits and wines and is used mostly for dry mouth. 

However Malic Acid is often supplemented for fibromyalgia and fatigue. Malic acid may also be used to boost sports performance when taken in supplement form. It is sometimes combined with creatine supplements in order to improve the body's absorption of creatine, and may promote energy production, increase exercise endurance, and help fight off muscle fatigue.

Manganese

Manganese role in health support in bone production due to altered formation of the protein matrix that keeps minerals like calcium in place. Manganese is a required co-factor for an enzyme called prolidase, which is in turn necessary to make collagen as a structural component of skin.

Manganese is needed to help multiple enzymes in a process called gluconeogenesis. This is the process by which we build non-carbohydrate food products—for example, digested fats—into sugars to burn as fuel.Also manganese is a potent antioxidant associated with protection against free radical damage. Diets low in manganese have been linked to conditions marked by increased oxidative stress, including skin problems and asthma.

Manuka Honey

Manuka honey is produced in New Zealand by bees that pollinate the native manuka bush.

Manuka Honey is commonly used as a antibacterial for either wound healing or fighting skin conditions such as acne and eczema, in fact there is a medical strength manuka honey that is commonly use in hospitals. This is because Manuka Honey has shown to be 'bug resistant' in fighting bacteria and staph infections, aka super bugs.  Also in including in Manuka Honey's many other possible uses is support for acid reflux, burns, ulcers, tooth decay and gingivitis, IBS (irritable bowel syndrome), immunity, sore throats and help sleep. 

Marshmallow

Marshmallow has been traditionally used for cough, inflammation of the mouth and stomach, and peptic ulcers. 

It appears to have antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties and may be used topically to increase epithelialization of wounds. It is also commonly used  to treat stomach ulcers, diarrhea, constipation, swelling of the stomach lining, and pain and swelling of the mucous membranes that line the respiratory tract

MCT Oil

MCT Oil (Medium-Chain Triglycerides)  supports those who want to fuel their mental and physical performance and is for everyday use or anytime when extra energy is needed. MCT Oil is also an essential nutrient for those who are following a ketogenic diet, and makes a great addition to Bullet Proof Coffee

MCT Oil is commonly used to fuel a ketogenic diet, increase endurance, enhance mental capacity, weight management and reduce cholesterol. 

Milk Thistle

Milk Thistle is an herbal supplement that assists to support, detoxify and protects the liver.

Milk thistle is commonly used to detox the liver, either during a set detox programme or as an ongoing basis. Milk Thistle is also popular to support the liver after a time of excess alcohol use and is sometimes recommended as a hangover cure (although evidence proves this).

Mineral Salts

Mineral salts can support the body in providing essential minerals and trace elements that are lost during the day, through either sweat or waste removal.

The body requires a level of minerals and salt is one of them. Those who regularly exercise in particular, can loss many electrolytes through sweat and reduce their body's mineral content. This can sometime result in lowering performance or suffering from fatigue and cramps.

MSM

MSM (Methylsulfonylmethane) is commonly used to support pain relief and in particular discomfort caused by osteoarthritis.

Taking MSM by mouth seems to slightly reduce some symptoms of arthritis of the knee, such as pain and joint movement, making the joint less painful and allowing day to day activity to continue.

MSM is well suited to be combined with chondroitin and glucosamine, as an ideal joint support complex. 

Multivitamins

Multivitamins are general vitamin and mineral complex formulas used to support the body in providing missing elements that sometimes the diet cannot provide.

A good general multivitamin can used used ongoing or during times of fatigue, stress and unwellness, and the idea of a 'multi' is that takes most of the guesswork about what particular element is missing in the diet. Multivitamins are more important if your diet is inadequate or lacks variety, and especially if you're not doing what's best for your overall health, like smoking or drinking more than you should. 

Natural Tonics

Sometimes we need to look no further than nature when looking for support to alleviate a symptom we may be suffering from. 

Natural Tonics such as ones made by Harker Herbals and Red Seal can provide the body with essential nutrient support that help prevent and ward off ongoing health problems. By using products that have been taken for 1,000's of years, sometimes the answer is already there.

Neem Oil

Neem oil is pressed from the seeds of the Neem tree, common in tropical climates, and is cold pressed as heating destroys its positive ingredients.

Neem Essential Oil is not normally used as an aromatheraputic oil, but is commonly used as a insect repellent and/or head lice treatment. Neem oil may also support anti-aging, fighting acne and calming dry skin. 

Oils - Carrier

Carrier Oils are also known as base oils, are normally used as base for adding essential oils to. 

These base oils are ideal for adding essential oils to, to form massage oils and rubs. Also these oils may assist skin in healing and nourishment, enriching the skin. they also may support anti-inflammation and provide antioxidants topically. 

Oils - Essential

Apart from providing a pleasant smell, aromatherapy oils can provide respiratory disinfection, decongestant, and psychological benefits. 

Inhaling essential oils stimulates the olfactory system, the part of the brain connected to smell, including the nose and the brain. Essential oils and their blends can provide a scent for any occasion, be it study, work, relaxtion, sleep, stress etc and they are often best used in either a candle burners, diffusers or vapourisers. 

Oils - Massage

Massage oils provide a base for the numerous forms of massage like sports, relaxation, deep tissue or facia release. 

Massage oils are generally created from the blend of a carrier oil with essential oils to not only provide better skin contact, but the essential oil may assist through aromatherapy, and recovery. 

Olive Leaf Extract

Olive leaf extract is commonly used to support the treatment of viral, bacterial, and other infections such as winters ills and chills. There is no current supporting evidence but people have for years used Olive Leaf as an aide against influenza, swine flu, the common cold, meningitis, Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV), encephalitis, herpes, shingles, HIV/ARC/AIDS, and hepatitis B. 

Olive leaf is also used for pneumonia; chronic fatigue: tuberculosis (TB); gonorrhea; fever; malaria; dengue; “blood poisoning” (bacterial infections in the bloodstream); severe diarrhea; and infections in the teeth, ears, and urinary tract, and infections following surgery. Finally other uses include helping support the body against high blood pressure, diabetes, hay fever, improving kidney and digestive function, and increasing urine flow.

Omega 3

Nutritionists call omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids “essential” fats for the human body needs them for many functions, from building healthy cells to maintaining brain and nerve function. Our bodies can’t produce them then the only source is food we eat.

These polyunsaturated fats are important for another reason. There’s ongoing research that suggest that they may help support lowering the risk of heart disease, whilst some studies may suggest these fats may also protect against type 2 diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, and age-related brain decline.

Omega 6

Nutritionists call omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids “essential” fats for the human body needs them for many functions, from building healthy cells to maintaining brain and nerve function. Our bodies can’t produce them then the only source is food we eat.

These polyunsaturated fats are important for another reason. There’s ongoing research that suggest that they may help support lowering the risk of heart disease, whilst some studies may suggest these fats may also protect against type 2 diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, and age-related brain decline.

Omega 9

Omega-9 fatty acids are fatty acids stored in your body fat. Your body has a little omega-3, more omega-6 and lots of omega-9. Your fat cells make omega-9 fat from the fatty acids your body doesn't consume as energy.

Because omega-9 fatty acids have been shown to increase HDL (“good”) cholesterol and decrease LDL (“bad”) cholesterol, they help eliminate plaque build- up in the arteries, which causes heart disease.

Oregano Oil

Oregano oil is an oil cold pressed from the oregano plant, Origanum vulgare, providing a concentration of the helpful compounds that occur naturally in the plant.

Oregano oil may support in preventing food-borne illnesses caused by pathogens like listeria, salmonella, E. coli, and Shigella dysenteria. Carvacrol and thymol have been shown to inhibit the growth of various bacteria and fungi and may be supportive of a good balance in intestinal microflora and healthy digestion

Pau D'Arco

Pau D'Arco is an immune stimulant with anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-parasitic and possible anti-viral properties. 

Pau D'Arco is an herbal supplement that may provide antimicrobial benefits, especially to candida, and also may support diabetes, ulcers, stomach inflammation (gastritis), liver ailments, asthma, bronchitis, joint pain, hernias, boils and wounds.

Potassium

Low potassium is associated with a risk of high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, arthritis, cancer, digestive disorders, and infertility. 

Potassium deficiencies are ideal for people who use certain medicines, such as diuretics, have physically demanding jobs, athletes exercising in hot climates and sweating excessively, have an eating disorder, have health conditions that affect their digestive absorption, such as Crohn's disease, or smoke. 

Prebiotics

Prebiotics promote the formation of probiotics, Probiotics support better digestion as they support the good stuff found in your gut and can restore and improve gastrointestinal health.

Prebiotics are commonly used by people who have digestive problems like gluten intolerance or lactose intolerance etc and may support to reduce bloating, flatulence, indigestion or heart burn (reflux). 

Probiotics

Probiotics are live bacteria that help support your digestive system. Your body is full of bacteria, both good and bad and probiotics are described as good bacteria because they help keep your stomach and digestive system healthy.

Probiotics are naturally found in your body and you can also find them in some foods and supplements. Medical professionals often suggest probiotics or a cultured yoghurt to help with digestive problems and complications and as antibiotics cannot distinguish between good and bad stomach bacteria, taken a probiotic during or after a course of antibiotics is recommended.  

Propolis

Propolis is created by the honey bee to assist to sterilise and protect the hive, through it's antibacterial and antifungal properties.

Propolis is high in antioxidant and antibiotic properties and taken orally may support the immune system. 

Protein - Bars

Protein is an essential food source for maintaining and building muscle and weight management, and Protein Bars are a quick way to consume protein in an easy manner. 

To assist with weight management a protein bar is an ideal snack, especially late afternoon, as protein supports the body in telling itself it's full and protein also takes a some time to digest, so actually consumes calories while digestion occurs. 

Protein bars should be a part of any caloric reduction programme or diet. 

Protein - Pea

Pea Protein is a vegan and vegetarian approved protein supplement that help support weight control, either weight gain or weight reduction. 

As protein is essential for muscle cellular recovery and overall immunity, additional protein is sometimes required during excessive training, with either strength or endurance. 

As pea protein is a clean protein it is easily absorbed, and does not leave the stomach bloated as whey protein can sometimes do. Also it is lactose and cholesterol free, making it very easy to digest. 

Protein - Rice

Rice Protein is a great alternative to some of the animal based protein powders, like whey protein. 

Rice Protein is gluten free, and is also allergen-free and has a great amino acid profile (BCAA). Rice protein is ideal for vegans and vegetarians to support muscle recovery and strength, in addition, all proteins can support weight management through their ability to make the body feel fuller for longer and curb appetite. 

Protein - Soy

Soy Protein is a high quality protein powder that is lower in cholesterol than whey protein and is vegan and vegetarian friendly. 

Soy protein has received some bad press in the past as soy has been believed to increase estrogen levels, however no data has been able to link soy to this. 

Soy protein is highly beneficial to lactose intolerant and soy protein has high amounts of the amino acids arginine and glutamine. 

Protein - Whey

Whey protein is one of the most widely used protein supplements due to its ability to support both muscle gain and weight management. Most whey protein powders come in either whey protein concentrate or whey protein isolate. 

Whey Protein Concentrate is what’s left after the protein has been extracted from milk and whey protein isolate is what’s left after further processing. Generally speaking, Isolate is the more purer form of whey protein, as much of the carbohydrates and lactose has been removed. Whey protein’s three main effects on the body are that it helps Burn Fat whilst Maintaining Muscle, Increase Muscle Strength and Size, and Reduce Hunger. 

Psyllium Husk

Psyllium Husk is a high fibre powder that supports the bowel health and movement. Psyllium come from the seed of the Plantogo and is a spongy fiber that supports a reduced appetite and improved digestion. It also help cleanses the system, making it a great addition to those who struggle with regular bowel movements. 

Psyllium has also been used but many on the Atkins diet, as the lack of whole grains and cereals mean the diet can be lacking fibre. Psyllium Husk fills this void and help keep the digestive and intestine system flowing and regular.  

Quercetin

Quercetin is a flavonoid which as an high potency antioxidant supports the body against the damage of free radicals. Quercetin is often commonly used for immunity and as a guard against infection. 

Quercetin is most commonly taken to treat conditions of the heart and blood vessels and may support cancer treatment. It can also be used for arthritis, bladder infections, and diabetes.

Resveratrol

Resveratrol is a powerful antioxidant that helps the body eliminate free radicals. 

Resveratrol commonly comes from the skin of grapes, and has been linked to the French paradox – where although the common French diet is high in fat, the French people live lonely healthier lives possibly due to the regular drinking of red win. 

Resveratrol may also support endurance, heart and cardiovascular, eyesight, testosterone levels and brain function. 

Rhodiola

Rhodiola rosea is a flowering plant that grows naturally in wild Arctic regions of Europe, Asia, and North America. 

Rhodiola is commonly supplemented for two reasons. It can be used to decrease stress, improve mental capacity and support against depression. It can also help support energy, increase resistance to fatigue and increase athletic performance. 

Rosehip

Rose Hip oil is a pressed seed oil, extracted from the seeds of a wild rose bush in South America. Another version of Rosehip Oil can come from another variety, which also grows in South Africa as well as Europe.

Rosehip Oil is commonly used in skin care and beauty products, and is also commonly used for a number of skin ailments, including acne, eczema and dermatitis. Rose Hip Oil is also effective for aged and sun damaged skin as well as brittle nails and wrinkles, as well as prevention against noticeable scars and helps diminish photo-aging. 

Saffron

Saffron can support the digestive process and help reduce gut discomfort. Saffron may also relieve menstrual pain, reduce cholesterol, de-clog arteries, normalise blood pressure, and reduce the symptoms of asthma.

Salts

Salts include the many minerals that are essential to support numerous cellular functions. 

Mineral salts are required for many functions in the body, and are often lost during the excesses of the day, including stress and exercise. Salts are essential for skin and general exercise health

Saw Palmetto

Saw Palmetto supports mens health related to prostate and sexual function. 

Saw Palmetto is commonly used for urinary symptoms associated with an enlarged prostate gland (also called benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH), as well as for chronic pelvic pain, migraine, hair loss, and other conditions. It may also have an estrogen-like effect and balance out the effects of testosterone in women. Saw palmetto may also help to reduce high levels of androgens and prolactin in women

Selenium

Selenium is a mineral normally found in soil, water and some foods. However much of New Zealand's soil and water is low in selenium and while people only need a very small amount, selenium plays a key role in the metabolism.

Seleniums main use is that of its antioxidant properties as antioxidants protect cells from free-radical damage. Selenium supplements may support the treatment of prostate complications. Selenium has also been studied for the treatment of dozens of conditions. They range from asthma to arthritis to dandruff to infertility. However, the results have been inconclusive.

Please be aware that too much selenium can be harmful and for adults the general consensus is that 400mg is the upper limit.

Silica

Silica is an important trace mineral that provides strength and flexibility to the connective tissues of your body like cartilage, tendons, skin, bone, teeth, hair, and blood vessels. 

In saying that, Silica is commonly taken as a beauty supplement as it essential in the formation of collagen, the most abundant protein found in your body, and may assist with anti-aging and increasing skin tone. 

Slippery Elm

The herbal supplement of Slippery Elm is the inner bark of the Slippery Elm tree. 

It is common to take a supplement of slippery elm for coughs, sore throat, colic, diarrhea, constipation, hemorrhoids, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), bladder and urinary tract infections, syphilis, herpes, and for expelling tapeworms. It is also used for protecting against stomach and duodenal ulcers, for colitis, diverticulitis, GI inflammation, and too much stomach acid. Slippery elm contains properties that can help soothe sore throats and can also cause mucous secretion which might be helpful for digestive and intestinal problems.

Spirulina

Spirulina is a natural “algae” (cyanbacteria) powder that is incredible high in protein and nutrients, and is what should be described as an all-encompassing Superfood. Spirulinas general use is that it is used as a source of dietary protein, B-vitamins, and iron. Also is can be commonly used for weight management, stress, fatigue and other women’s health issues.

Spirulina is ideal for busy active people who are just getting rundown. As it provide much needed iron and heko boost the immunity. Also if you’re into sports and going to the gym Spirulina can really help maintain energy levels and support the conversion of food into energy. 

Stevia

Stevia provides a natural sweetener with zero calories, zero carbs and zero fat. 

Stevia is often used as a sugar replacement and is found in many protein powders etc to support lower calories and assists dieting and ketogenic. 

St Johns Wort

St. John’s wort is an herb native to Europe found mainly in meadows and woodland areas and the use of St. John’s Wort dates back to the ancient Greeks and Hippocrates mentioned the use of St. John’s Wort flowers.

In general St John’s Wort has been used as herbal support against depression and anxiety, but please always seek medical clarification. There are some countries in Europe who have disbanded the use of St. John’s Wort products, as there may be interactions with people who use St Johns Wort along with other anti-depressant prescription medicines. 

Tart Cherry

Tart Cherry (also known as Sour Cherry) is said to support melatonin levels in the body which enable the body to relax and help promote sleep. 

This was normally taken as Tart Cherry Juice but more lately tablet/capsules supplementation of Tart Cheer has provided a controlled dose of the formula in an easy, convenient form. 

Taurine

Taurine may be used in improving anxiety, hyperactivity, poor brain function and epilepsy and Taurine, along with zinc, is necessary for good eye health and good vision. Taurine therapy has also been used effectively to treat people who suffer from congestive heart failure and also may help improve both hypertension and high cholesterol.

Taurine has also been shown to be a strong antioxidant and has dramatically improved type 1 diabetes in laboratory rats and may be able to combat the damage that oxygen free radicals have upon the pancreas. Taurine is also able to improve insulin resistance by increasing the excretion of cholesterol by conversion to bile acid.

Tea Tree

Tea Tree Oil has a multitude of uses both as a topical application and around the home as either a ingredient in cleaners or flea/lice control. 

Among the many uses for tea tree oil you can, apply to the skin (used topically) for infections such as acne, fungal infections of the nail (onychomycosis), lice, scabies,  - athlete’s foot (tinea pedis) or ringworm. 

It is also used topically as a local antiseptic for, cuts and abrasions, burns, insect bites and stings, boils, vaginal infections, recurrent , toothache, infections of the mouth and nose, sore throat and ear infections . 

Thuja

Thuja is the name of a genus of evergreen tree native to the United States. In homeopathy, thuja is used to care for many different conditions, such as skin problems, menstrual issues, respiratory illnesses, and urogenital problems.

Common conditions like headaches, toothaches, acne, bacterial infections, and hair loss may also benefit from the use of thuja. Mental health problems like depression and stress can also be treated with this homeopathic remedy.

Tribulus

Tribulus come from a herb called Tribulus terrestris,  a plant native to some regions of Europe, southern Asia, Africa and Australia. 

Tribulus is commonly used  as a supplement for increasing testosterone and has been traditionally used to support a healthy libido. An increase in testosterone may also help increase physical performance, strength and stamina, and Tribulus has been widely used by endurance and strength athletes to assist increasing athletic performance. 

Turmeric

Turmeric root, called curcumin has been labelled a product that may provide anti-inflammatory support to those who suffer from acute discomfort, especially joint and muscular and joint ache. 

Turmeric has also been traditionally used for the discomfort against arthritis, heartburn (dyspepsia), stomach pain, diarrhea, intestinal gas, stomach bloating, loss of appetite, jaundice, liver problems and gallbladder disorders. Turmeric can also benefit the cardiovascular and immune systems along with brain function and can also be used as a pain reliever. 

This is all due to the fact that turmeric may decrease swelling in inflamed areas of the body. 

Valerian

Valerian Root is most commonly used to treat sleeplessness and sleep problems. As it decreases the harmful effects of pressure from stress on a person’s body, it can also be an effective therapy for nervousness.

This herb has been studied widely and has less side effects and is safer than a prescription, although it might not be as powerful as certain prescription sleep medications. It also doesn’t create any sort of mental grogginess that you mind find in prescription drugs.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A, also known as retinol, is essential to the formation of visual purple in the retina, which allows vision in dim light.

Beta carotene, the precursor to vitamin A found in vegetables, has antioxidant properties, which means it protects cells from the daily toxic damage of oxidation. Vitamin A also supports immunity, and is also abundant in Cod Liver Oil - a great natural source of Vitamin A and D

Vitamin B

The 8 members of what's known as the vitamin B complex are critical nutrients for all things mind-related: mood, memory, even migraines can benefit from the B's. In the right amounts, the B's can quell anxiety, lift depression, ease PMS, and boost your energy. The B vitamins are a chemically related family of nutrients that work as a team. Their mood-boosting and other health benefits result from intricate behind-the-scenes work in the body.

Some B vitamins help cells burn fats and glucose for energy. Others help make neurotransmitters like serotonin. And some B's assist with the production and repair of DNA.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C (known as ascorbic acid) works as an antioxidant to protect our bodies from free radical damage, and is also involved in the growth of our bones, tendons, ligaments and skin and increases the absorption of iron from our foods (particularly from vegetarian sources). How much vitamin C we need depends on where we are in our life cycle, but to see the daily recommended dosages refer here

As winter approaches some people believe that a higher dose is required to boost protection against the dreaded lurgies and support immunity all year round. 

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is important for good bones and children that don’t get enough vitamin D can develop rickets, which causes bowed legs and knock knees. Adults that are deficient in vitamin D can develop bone weakness and increased risk of broken bones. 

Vitamin D is very important in bone health as it assists with the absorption of calcium and it recommended that if you’re taking calcium supplements for weak bones or osteoporosis, then a good Vitamin D supplement is required as well. The main source we get Vitamin D from is from our exposure to the sun, but unfortunately with New Zealand’s porous ozone layer, this exposes you to sun burn and the chance of aging skin and serious skin conditions later on in life. 

Vitamin E

Vitamin E is important for all-round health as Vitamin E is one of our strongest defences against free radical damage, and is for this reason it is referred as an antioxidant. For example, just as oxygen causes potatoes to go brown when cut up and exposed to air, it also causes oxidation and the formation of free radicals in our bodies.

Smokers are especially a high risk for vitamin E deficiency, as smoking destroys vitamin E in the lungs.  You can get your daily vitamin E from foods - the main sources are polyunsaturated oils - canola, corn, sunflower and soybean- and foods containing these oils including avocadoes, nuts, seeds, some margarines and wheat germ, as well as meat, fish and a few vegetables, such as spinach and broccoli but in smaller amounts.

Vitamin K

Vitamin K plays a key role in helping the blood clot, preventing excessive bleeding. Unlike many other vitamins, vitamin K is not typically used as a dietary supplement.
Vitamin K is actually a group of compounds. The most important of these compounds appears to be vitamin K1 and vitamin K2. Vitamin K1 is obtained from leafy greens and some other vegetables. Vitamin K2 is a group of compounds largely obtained from meats, cheeses, and eggs, and synthesized by bacteria.

Vitamin K1 is the main form of vitamin K supplement available in the U.S. and recently, some people have looked to vitamin K2 to treat osteoporosis and steroid-induced bone loss, but the research is conflicting. At this point there is not enough data to recommend using vitamin K2 for osteoporosis.

Vitex Agnus Castus

Vitex (Chaste Berry) may support to regulate the menstrual cycle and normalise fluctuations in the menstrual cycle. It helps relieve symptoms associated with PMS including breast tenderness, tiredness, cramping, irritability, moodiness, headaches, bloating and fluid retention.

Vitex is commonly supplemented to support menopause and women as they go through their major mid-life change. 

Zinc

As our bodies get ready for the winter months ahead, many changes take place and one element we often overlook is Zinc. Zinc is an essential trace element present in every tissue, organ and fluid in the body. 

Most zinc supplements contain naturally-occurring zinc aspartate in a bioavailable form which presents benefits of great absorption and retention, and it’s gentle on the gastrointestinal tract. Zinc aspartate is necessary in the citric acid cycle – the centre for energy production within the cell – as aspartic acid must be present in every cell of the body.